Blood pressure refers to the measure of blood force that is being pushed against the wells of the blood vessel. Our heart pumps the blood in our arteries which carry it throughout our body. But, when there is high blood pressure issue, it makes it hard for the heart to pump the blood from the body and thus, gradually hardens the arteries which lead to severe health disorders like heart failure, kidney problem, and stroke.
The reading of blood pressure is counted from systolic and diastolic that is top and bottom number reading. This reading ranges should be below 120 and over 80 in a normal person. In prehypertension condition, the range will lie between 120 to 139 below and 80 to 89 over. When a person reaches the first state of hypertension which is high blood pressure, the below range lies between 140 to 159 and over a range between 90 to 99; though in stage 2, it goes 160 to more over the range and 100+ below range.
After knowing the reading of blood pressure range, let’s move to the causes of high blood pressure in individuals. Though the exact cause is yet unknown; yet there are countless conditions and factors that contribute to the development of high blood pressure.
High blood pressure
Knowing the causes of high blood pressure is a way of growing awareness about this health issue. When, you would have a right understanding of various causes of high blood pressure, you can easily perceive if anyone in your family may get this problem and hence, you can advise for required precautions to avoid one to get this health issue. The common causes of this problem include:
- Lack of a physical activity
- Increase in salt consumption in regular diet
- Higher amount of alcohol consumption
- Old age
- Chronic disease of kidney
- Family history for high blood pressure
- Sleep Apnea
- Thyroid and adrenal disorders.
The issue of high blood pressure is categorized in two parts including essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. In the US, around 95 percent of total cases of hypertension fall under essential hypertension category. This type of hypertension tends to follow members in a family and often affect men as compared to women. Race and age factor plays a vital role in promoting essential hypertension.